What Homeowners Need to know about GFIs
Advanced Electric Services of Omaha, NE would like to inform home owners concerning the value of GFIs. A "GFCI" is a ground fault circuit interrupter which monitors the amount of current going through an outlet. If there is an imbalance in the electrical flow the GFCI will trip the circuit. This is a device that can prevent over two thirds of the 300 possible electrocutions that occur every year. When you look at a normal 120-volt outlet in the United States, there are two vertical slots and then a round hole centered below them. The left slot is slightly larger than the right. The left slot is called "neutral," the right slot is called "hot" and the hole below them is called "ground." If an appliance is working correctly, all electricity which the appliance uses will flow from hot to impartial. If there is an imbalance in the flow from hot to impartial afterwards the GFCI will mechanically trip the circuit thereby preventing electrocution.
All GFCIs should be tested monthly to make sure they are working correctly and are protecting you from death. GFCIs should be checked after installation to make sure they are working properly and protecting the circuit. To check the receptacle GFCI, first plug a nightlight or lamp into the outlet. The light should be on then, press the "TEST" button on the GFCI. The GFCI's "RESET" button should pop out, and the light should go out. If the "RESET" button pops out but the light does not go out, the GFCI has been improperly wired. Contact a technician to correct the wiring errors. If the "RESET" button does not pop out, the GFC1 is defective and should be replaced. If the GFCI is functioning correctly, and the lamp goes out, press the "RESET" button to restore power to the outlet.
Kind OF GFCIs
Three kinds of ground fault circuit interrupters available for home use are:
1st Kind- Receptacle
This kind of GFCI is utilized in place of the typical duplex receptacle found all through out the home. It fits into the standard outlet box and safeguards you against "ground faults' every time an electrical product is plugged into the outlet. A lot receptacle-type GFCls can be set up so which these folks also protect various electrical outlets more "downstream" in the branch circuit.
2nd Kind- CIRCUIT BREAKER
In homes equipped with circuit breakers instead of fuses, a circuit breaker GFCI may be set up in a panel box to offer safety to certain circuits. The circuit breaker GFCI serves a dual goal - not only will it shut off electricity in the gathering of a "ground-fault," but it will also trip once a brief circuit or an over-load occurs. Protection covers the wiring and each outlet, lights fixture, tank, etc worked by the branch circuit protected by the GFCI in the panel box.
3rd Kind- Portable GFI
Exactly where long term GFCls are not practical, portable GFCls may be utilized. One kind incorporates the GFCI circuitry in a plastic enclosure with plug blades in the back and container slots in the front. It can be plugged into a receptable, afterwards; the electrical product is plugged into the GFCI. An additional type of portable GFCI is an extension cord combined with a GFCI. It adds flexibility in utilizing receptacles which are not protected by GFCls.
Exactly where GFCIs Ought to be Placed
In houses built to comply with the National Electric Program Code (the Code), GFCI safety is required for a lot outdoor receptacles (since 1973), bathroom receptacle circuits (given that 1975), garage wall outlets (given that 1978), kitchen receptacles (since 1987), and all receptacles in crawl spaces and unfinished basements (since 1990).
Home owners who do not have GFCls set up in all important specified areas in the most up-to-date version of the Program code must consider getting them installed. For broad protection, GFCI circuit breakers may be extra in quite a few solar cells of more aged properties to change normal circuit breaker. For houses protected by fuses, you are limited to receptacle or portable-type GFCIs and these may be installed in areas of greatest exposure, such as the bathroom, kitchen, basement, garage, and outdoor circuits.
A GFCI should be used whenever operating electrically powered garden equipment (mower, hedge trimmer, edger, etc.). Consumers can obtain similar protection by using GFCIs with electric tools (drills, saws, sanders, etc.) for do-it-yourself work in and around the home.
At Advanced Electric Services, we are happy to assist you with any questions concerning GFIs or any various electrical questions you may have. Please contact us at 402-932-1361.