Every human needs an occupation and environment as it is an inevitable part of one's life. These two are intertwined when it comes to the health factor of an individual. An individual's health is a key factor when his productivity in a particular occupation is to be judged. The working conditions for an individual would determine the severity of the effects on his/her health. The occupational risks to one's health can be mechanical hazards, physical hazards, biological hazards, chemical hazards, psychosocial issues depending on the type of occupation. A glaring example can be the Bhopal gas tragedy in 1984 where not only the lives of the numerous workers were lost and adversely affected but even the city was enveloped in a death cover. It seemed hell had broken itself loose on the city, but it was utter callousness that resulted in the mayhem.
When the environmental health factors are put forth, a number of things need to be taken care of by an organization which include both the natural and man built environment. Proper sanitation, food protection, housing, institutional environmental health, land use, community noise control, recreational swimming areas and waters, electromagnetic radiation control, solid, liquid, and hazardous materials management, underground storage tank control, on-site septic systems, vector control, drinking water quality, and emergency preparedness. Certain parameters which make a working space workable must be adhered to. Organizations should come up with greener and cleaner ways of industrial productions. This way the organization and the individual will benefit on the occupational and the environmental front, rather than compromising on the best and essential input for the economy, the human resource.
Another set of determinants which has come to the fore is the psychological factor at the work place. Sexual harassment, excessive job pressure, depressing work culture, the resultant idiotic inclination and dependence on nicotine and alcohol consumption are further aggravating the already serious scenario. Almost every nation around the globe has specific labour and industrial laws in place to take care of the occupational health of the working class and along with that the environmental factor too is taken care of, by designated ministries.
Occupational health and environmental health are cross-disciplinary area which are concerned with protecting the safety, health and welfare of people engaged in work or employment without compromising on the environmental factor. The goal of every nation and organization should be to foster a safe working environment which shall for sure have a secondary effect, by protecting the co-workers, family members, employers, customers, suppliers, nearby communities, and other members of the public who are impacted by the workplace environment.