A bonsai tree is a Japanese approach for growing mini trees in ceramic pots to model aged saplings. The trees are becoming progressively popular to bring the outdoors in, and hundreds of species could be chosen to develop into a bonsai plant. The method might seem intimidating for a beginner; however with research and practice you can excel in the art form of bonsai! Follow these steps to grow your bonsai tree to perfection!
SELECT A SPECIES OF TREE
Selecting the right sapling is the first step of bonsai, and the choices should be carefully weighed judging by your geographical location and whether you want your plant indoors or outside. Some plants muster better inside and in a controlled climate, while others ought to be outdoors where they can go dormant in the winter. Analyze the trees that do the very best where you live, and go from there. The most common styles of bonsai trees are Elm, Juniper, and ficus.
SEED OR AGED TREE
The next step is to choose whether you wish to grow the tree from the ground up, or buy an existing tree from a nursery. It is advocated that beginners buy an existing tree for their first time trying to bonsai to make sure that they can succeed. Your local nursery will help you to decide on the perfect bonsai for your climate and expertise level.
CHOOSE A POT
The ceramic pot that you grow your bonsai tree is a crucial in the success of your plant. The term bonsai means 'plant in a tray', which someone can theoretically conclude that the tray is equally as important is the plant. Choosing the appropriate pot has a lot to do with the size of your desired plant. A deep pot will bring a larger tree, while a shallow pot will keep the roots miniature and keep the size of the tree small. The ceramic pot must allow proper drainage, and should be lined with wire to ensure your soil erosion does not occur.
Bonsai soil is available in organic and inorganic, and most bonsai hobbyists strategically mix both soils to come up with the perfect mix for their plant. This also requires research depending on your geographical location and plant type.
This step requires you to arrange your tree with wires and the initial steps of pruning, to procure the design of the bonsai tree. Remove the plant from its existing holder, and water the roots and prune them to ensure they fit securely into your purchased ceramic pot with the proper amount of soil.
POT THE TREE
If you haven't already placed mesh netting on the bottom of the pot, you should do so now. Place the roots down at the bottom of the pot, and run a wire through one of the drainage holes to tie the plant into place. Attach the other side of the wire to the root system and pour soil over the exposed roots. Trees that are in temperate climates should be planted by spring, while tropical trees should be planted in the summer.
PRUNE & ENJOY!
The last step is to prune your tree when the leaves grow out, and have fun growing your bonsai!