As other plants Dendrobium is belongs to kingdom Plantae. Genus is Dendrobium. There are many species belongs to this genus. Nearly 1200 of orchid species are recorded around the world. As other orchids orchidaceae is the family of Dendrobium.
Dendrobium orchid flower is famous for cut flowers. It has a sympodial and an epiphytic growth habit as other orchids in its family. There are many orchid varieties that produce orchid flowers in different colors. The durability is also higher than other orchids. In cut flower production, the flowers are divided into three types. They are phalaenopsis type, cane type and intermediate type. In these three types cane type is not that much suitable for cut flower production.
Read more >>> Phalaenopsis type, cane type and intermediate type Climatic Requirements
Orchid growing is not that much easy. It needs a good attention than other flowers. To keep a healthy plant below factor should be maintained.
Dendrobium is a light prefer plant. It needs more lights than other orchid varieties. But direct sunlight is not good. So light level should be controlled by using a shade net above ten feet in height in a commercial cultivation or pot plants can be place in a sitting room. The window must be had in south or north directions. Keeping pots with a window in east or western, it is leads to sun burning damages on orchid plants. Temperature
Dendrobium can tolerate warm conditions. But ventilation should be good enough to control it. The temperature fluctuation should not be more than 10oC. Day time temperature should be between 25-30oC and night time temperature should not be lower than 15oC. Those conditions are the best for flower production. Humidity
Normally higher humidity level is needed for orchids. Therefore 70% of humidity is better for well growth of Dendrobium orchids. If humidity level is low you can spray water around the plant. The media should be prepared to keep moisture. Media preparation for Dendrobium (Orchid Care Steps [Full Guide])
Watering is very important for Dendrobium. As other treats, water should be added in optimum level. It is also helps to keep the humidity level. Chlorine free water must be used. Frequently check the moisture level in the media and use a hand sprayer to apply water. The Better time to apply water is 8 – 9 a. m. Arial roots and leaves should be wet. If water is applied in the evening, it should be done before 4 p. m. Fertilization
Liquid fertilizers are recommended to add. It is better to add them by using a sprayer. Spray on leaves and roots to get wet well. It is better to use morning time to add fertilizer. Organic liquidfertilizers can be used once a week. The best mixture of fertilizer is N. P. K. (20: 20: 20). Dissolve 5 gram of fertilizer in one litter of water for adding. Any balanced fertilizer can be used this purpose. Potting
It is better to use a clay pot. Because it is absorb more water than plastic pots. For decoration purposes you can put it into a plastic or any other suitable one. The diameter and height of the pot should be five inch. There should be holes for better ventilation. Media should be consisted with char or biochar and tile pieces. Better to add coconut husk pieces. It will keep the moisture. Use ½ - ¾ inch pieces. Read more>>>