Your credit rating can dictate every part of your future plans, from buying a house to paying for your next holiday. Here are the top things you may not realise affect your credit rating.
1. Having a high credit card limit
When applying for a loan, the lender looks at your credit card limit, not the amount you owe on your card. Even if you only use $1000 of a $50,000 limit, the lender will still treat you as though you regularly borrow $50,000. A smaller limit will help keep your credit rating higher.
2. Spending more than 50% of your credit limit
Your credit score is calculated against your debts using a debt-to-credit ratio or debt utilisation ratio. Rather than looking at how often you pay off your debts, credit raters also look at the amount of available credit you are currently using. If youíre using more than 10-30% of your available credit limit, your credit rating will likely be impacted.
3. Missing any repayments greater than just $150
Any overdue payment larger than $150, paid later than 60 days counts overdue, which is listed on your credit score for five years. Even small amounts matter. The Office of the Australian Information Commissioner (OAIC)ís report on your credit doesnít reveal the amount on your missed payment; only that you missed the payment.
4. Transferring the balance of one credit card to another
This is an obvious one; but if youíre trying to escape fees on your credit card by moving the balance to a different bank, your rating will become lower.
5. Just applying for a credit card
Every time you apply for a line of credit including a credit card, your credit rating is impacted. Even if you donít even go ahead with the credit card and you never even use it, just applying affects your rating.
5. Applying for multiple loans while waiting for one to be approved
ĎDonít put all your eggs in one basket,í doesnít apply when it comes to loans. Every time you apply for a loan, even if you donít go ahead with it, your credit rating is reduced.
6. Being involved in insolvency, bankruptcy and court judgements
If youíve been involved in any financial court judgements, as well as insolvency or bankruptcy, your credit score will be reduced.
7. Having a partner or spouse default on a loan
If you and your partner have joint bank accounts or a mortgage in both your names, youíll want to ensure you submit your repayments correctly and on time. Even if your partner isnít listed on the loan, their repayment history will influence your credit score.
8. Not letting your banks and other lenders know when you change your name
If you have a pristine credit history and change your name without letting lenders know, your credit history will be lost. A perfect credit history is one of the best ways to ensure an ongoing high credit rating.
9. Closing credit cards with a good repayment history
Use it or lose it to keep a good credit rating.
10. Missing just one payment out of many each month
The OAIC shows if youíve missed just one payment in your monthly stack of bills, your credit history will still show youíve not met your obligations for the entire month.
Donít let small mistakes lower your credit rating. Stay on top of your obligations so when you need a loan, you can get it.