With winter on the way, what is the impact of cold weather on energy prices? Are we in for another cold winter, and another ensuing spike in energy prices?
Britons will have not-so-fond memories of this yearís ĎBeast from the Eastí Ė freezing temperatures, gridlocked traffic, empty restaurants and shops and idle construction equipment.
Wholesale gas prices spiked to the highest level in two decades (300p) due to a deficit in supply, as the UK competed with Europe for gas supplies.
So, are we in for another cold and expensive winter?
2018 winter weather predictions UK
After a warmer-than-usual summer for much of the UK, mild air conditions are expected to continue into autumn.
According to AccuWeather Meteorologist Tyler Roys, the average temperature for September and October will be about 1-2 C higher than normal. But by November, more traditional stormy patterns are expected to settle in.
More extreme weather on the way?
Some experts predict that El Nino will bring further months of extreme heat and cold in the UK, and could trigger another very cold winter this year.
The impact of cold weather on energy prices
The weather drives up the amount of energy we need, as well as how much we pay for it. In fact, when UK electricity demand reaches its peak, itís estimated that demand rises by 820 Mega Watts (MW) for every degree the temperature drops below 15 C.
Increased energy demand in winter
Energy demand in the UK is higher in winter than it is in summer. From October to March, the colder, darker weather causes the population to stay indoors more, turn on lights for longer periods of time and switch on central heating.
Setting back the clock
The end of October signifies the end of the British Summer Time, with clocks put back one hour. Because the daylight hours shorten, this traditionally provides an increase in peak demand of 6-7%.
Read our infographic on The Truth About Daylight Savings Energy Efficiency.
Reduced renewable generation
In the darker winter months, solar generation is minimal; however, wind levels are generally stronger, causing fluctuations in the UKís available renewable energy supply. This intermittent generation means that the country isnít able to rely on renewables during times of demand stress.
Electricity power plants work better
Power plants work better in winterís cold weather:
Cooling towers work more efficiently
Power cables are more conductive
Less energy is needed to help keep equipment from overheating.
These factors mean small cost savings in electricity generation. ,
Ö but gas demand increases
During winter, the UK uses more gas, largely due to the rise in heating. This increased demand raises the gas price and has a knock-on effect on electricity costs.
Storms and extreme weather
Rain, snow, storms and other extreme weather conditions can also impact energy generation and supply during winter. These conditions can cause damage to energy infrastructure such s distribution centres and power lines, leading to high repair costs and could lead to higher winter energy pricing as a result.
Generally speaking, gas and prices are expected to rise during the winter months.