Asbestos is widely used in the spectrum of construction due to its feasibility and affordability. However, they also come with many hazard warnings that are directly associated with adverse conditions like mesothelioma, pleural thickening, and lung cancer among others. Long exposure to asbestos without any control mechanism might be categorized as a natural hazard and long-time subjection to the same comes with a lot of negative effects. In order to combat such problems, the encapsulation mechanism is the most widely accepted control systems out there that restrict such high-risk consequences with its revolutionary working principle. Asbestos is prone to releasing fibres in the air and encapsulation offers the preventive prerequisites to such end products being dispersed resulting in the increase of air toxicity.
In simple words, asbestos encapsulation is the application of a fluid agent on the material made out of asbestos with the use of a sprayer exerted in low pressure. These agents are also known as encapsulants harden in contact with air, thus preventing the release of any hazardous fibres. There are many methods of getting the encapsulation procedure right solely depending on the material. Usually, any material that is impermeable and does not contribute to the osmosis of hazardous fibres classify as encapsulants. Over the years of sustainable disintegration, impactful wear and tear or vibration, asbestos go through a lot of damage that results in such adverse conditions leading to health sabotage. In usual categorizations, encapsulants are of two types namely penetrating and bridging. The bridging ones stay as a protective layer in strong cohesion with asbestos-containing material or ACM. On the other hand, a penetrating one hardens only after it seeps into the material creating a shield of protection. The method of encapsulation, however, depends on the ACM itself given it is in good condition that requires investment for long-term protection. All these methodologies are carried out only after any existing damage on the asbestos are repaired, loose ends are removed, and physical discrepancies are fixed. Using a low-pressure spray to evenly distribute the encapsulants reduces the quantitative measure of fibres to be released in the air. All these effective practices have to be carried out wearing protective gear so that no worker or anyone in the vicinity of the project is exposed to chemical hazards.
The direct benefits for which people chose encapsulation over any other control methods are aplenty:
From a distance, removal may seem like the most effective and feasible choice in this spectrum of protective work but asbestos encapsulation provides a seamless finish with the best requisites of protection, affordability, and work management time-spans.
Irrespective of the objective of a procedure, every foundational material goes through some damage and disturbance due to the exterior work. Encapsulation does not incur much damage and is relatively safer to use, this minimizing collective risk in the entire procedure.
The asbestos roof is one of the most widely used materials that are used across the world and an estimated 1.5 million residential and commercial properties have asbestos as one of the main materials in the composition of their constructional roofs. The hazards associated with the same are overcome efficiently and effectively with encapsulation working as a shield. As a result, during times of disposal, it does not have much of a danger to the environment. This contribution to the global upliftment of conservation is also maintained with the substantial features of the encapsulation control system.
Encapsulation mechanism is basically a spray-on paint like amorphous fluid that when comes in contact with air solidifies and creates a protective shield over the ACM. Due to this easy handling, the entire process is a lot less time consuming that also comes with the benefits of reduced disruption and management costs. Encapsulation this provides the best option as an asbestos control mechanism.