Cargos are goods or produce being transported generally for commercial gain, usually on a ship, plane, train, van or truck. In modern times, containers are used in long-haul cargo transport. An example of cargo transportation is the air cargo, which is commonly known as freight.
There are many businesses, which collect freight and deliver it to the customer. Aircrafts were first put to use carrying mail as cargo in 1911, but eventually manufacturers started designing planes just for freight. There are many commercial planes suitable for carrying cargo such as the Boeing 747, which was purpose built to be easily converted to a cargo aircraft. Such very large aircraft also employee quick loading containers known as unit load devices much like containerized cargo ships. Freight Forwarding is a third party logistics provider. As a third party (or non asset based) provider a forwarder dispatches shipments via asset based carriers and books or otherwise arranges space for those shipments. Carrier types include waterborne vessels, airplanes, trucks or railroads. Freight forwarders typically arrange cargo movement to an international destination. Also referred to as international freight forwarders, they have the expertise that allows them to prepare and process the documentation and perform related activities pertaining to international shipments.
There are many marine or ocean cargoes at seaport terminals operated. One of which are the containers. These are the largest and fastest growing cargo category at most parts worldwide. Containerized cargo includes everything from auto parts and machinery components to shoes, toys, and frozen meat and seafood. Project cargos and heavy lift cargos include items such as manufacturing equipment, factory components, power equipments such as generators and wind turbines, military equipment or almost any other oversized overweight cargo too big or too heavy to fit into a container. Break bulk cargo is typically material stacked on wooden pallets and lifted into and out of the hold of a vessel by cranes on the dock or aboard the ship itself. The volume of break bulk cargo has declined dramatically worldwide as containerization has grown. On the other hand, automobiles are handled at many ports.
Some of the typical information reviewed by freights is the commercial invoice, shipper's export declaration, bill of lading and other documents required by the carrier or country of export, import, or transshipment. Much of this information is now processed in a paperless environment. Freight forwarders that handle airfreight will frequently be accredited with the International Air Transport Association (IATA) as a cargo agent. Airfreights are deliverers of the express cargo.
A courier is a person or company employed to deliver messages, packages and mail. Courier delivery is distinguished from ordinary mail services by features such as speed, security, tracking, signature, specialization and individualization of services, and committed delivery times, which are optional for most everyday mail services. As a premium service, couriers are usually more expensive than usual mail services, and their use is typically restricted to packages where one or more of these features are considered important enough to warrant the cost.