"One of the most widely eaten food crop in the world, rice provides nourishment to more than half the world's population. Being a staple food, it is cultivated during winters and summers, both. Being grown in 4000 varieties every year, it supplied more than one fifth of the calories that are consumed by humans.
Rice is one of the most grown cash crops in developing countries and is also the oldest of the cereal crops that humans cultivated. The first form of rice was grown in China about 5000 years ago and since it was a major food supplement, it got commercially cultivated as a cash crop in half the world.
Rice contains nutrients that are vital to the body and give it energy. Nutrients such as carbohydrates are found in rice which is also an important source for storing energy inside the body so that it grows properly. Because rice nutrition is low on salt, cholesterol and fat, it keeps the heart healthy.
Rice being of two types; brown and white rice, has a high quantity of carbohydrates in it and mixing these 2 rice can be beneficial. The only major difference between the two types is that white rice goes through a milling process whereas, the brown rice does not. However, it is believed that the milling process is not favorable for white rice nutrition as it removes nutrients such as B3, B1, B6, dietary fiber, the essential fatty acids, and half quantity of iron, phosphorus and manganese. It is known that brown rice has more nutrition and fiber as the white rice has its outer coating removed.
White Rice Nutrition contains carbohydrate (89%), some protein (8%) and little fat (1%). It also consists of some dietary fiber, calcium, and potassium.
On the other hand, brown rice nutrition is rich in quantity of 83% carbohydrate, 9% of protein and 7% of fat. It also has dietary fiber (6x more than white rice), calcium and potassium (about double amount as in white rice)
Rice nutrition also has a low content of sodium and contains favorable amounts of potassium, thiamin, B vitamins and niacin. Usually, people who are trying to reduce cholesterol and fat intake seek rice as the solution since it only has a slight trace of salt and absolutely no cholesterol. It is also gluten free so is easily digested. It is suitable for vegans and brown rice is particularly popularly used in vegetarian dishes.
It is known that an average portion of rice nutrition is capable of providing about 11% of the expected average daily necessity of protein and on share it only has 245 kcal."